History of the Reformed Catholic Church



The Reformed Catholic Church, Inc. was officially incorporated in 2016 under the guidance of the Presiding Bishop, The Most Reverend Chris Carpenter. The Church was incorporated in the State of California and received its 501(c)(3) tax-exempt designation from the IRS in the same year.  This was the culmination of work which began in 1997 and continued growing over the intervening years.  We are small Church, but growing all across the United States. We have ordained clergy in California, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Minnesota, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Georgia.


The Reformed Catholic Church is an Independent Catholic Church, not under the primacy of the Bishop of Rome. We are similar in our liturgy, sacraments and apostolic succession. We differ in our desire for inclusion of all people regardless of marital status, sexual and/or gender identity, or other human distinctions that lead to exclusion. Our heritage flows from the Catholic Church, which split with the Roman Catholic Church in 1870 over certain doctrines of the First Vatican Council. We profess a more progressive theology, ordain men and women, offer open communion, and are fully affirming and inclusive of the LGBTQ community in the life of the Church, including Holy Orders.


We, the people of the Reformed Catholic Church; Transformed by Jesus Christ through Baptism; Empowered by the Holy Spirit; Nourished by the Eucharist; United in our faith; Liberated by the love of God; Commit ourselves to be God’s welcoming heart of mercy, God’s inclusive arms of love, and God’s hands of justice and healing to all people who seek God through Jesus Christ.


The Reformed Catholic Church is a Western Rite Church. With that said, we allow a wide range of masses: The Roman Rite (Novus Ordo/Paul VI), The Roman Missal, The Book of Common Prayer (Episcopal Church), the Divine Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom (Eastern Orthodox), and the Book of Divine Worship (Anglican Ordinariate).

Peter, 38

Linus, 67

Ancletus {Cletus}, 76

Clement, 88

Evaristus, 97

Alexander I, 105

Sixtus I, 115

Telesphorus, 125

Hygimus, 136

Pius I, 140

Anicetus, 155

Soter, 166

Eleutherius, 175

Victor I, 189

Zephyrinus, 199

Callistus I, 217

Urban I, 222

Pontian, 230

Anterus, 235

Fabian, 236

Cornelius, 251

Lucius I, 253

Stephen I, 254

Sixtus II, 257

Dionysius, 259

Felix I, 269

Eutychian, 275

Caius, 283

Marcellinus, 296

Marcellus I, 308

Eucebius, 309

Melchiades {Miltiades}, 311

Sylvester I, 314

Marcus, 336

Julius I, 337

Liberius, 352 Liberius was expelled from Rome by the Aryan Emperor

Constantius, during his absence, the See of Rome was held by Felix II, who

resigned upon the return of Liberius from his two year exile

Damasus I, 366

Siricius, 384

Anastasius I, 399

Innocent I, 401

Zosimus, 417

Boniface I, 418

Celestine I, 422

Sixtus III, 432

Leo I, 440

Hilary, 461

Simplicius, 468

Felix III, 483

Gelasius I, 492

Anastasius II, 496

Symmachus, 498

Hormisdus, 514

John I, 523

Felix IV, 526

Boniface II, 530

John II, 535

Agapitus, 535

Sylverius, 536

Vigilus, 537

Pelagius I, 556

John III, 561

Benedict I, 575

Pelagius II, 579

Gregory I, 590

Sabinianus, 604

Boniface III, 607

Boniface IV, 608

Deusdedit {Adeodatus I}, 615

Boniface V, 619

Honorius, 625

Severinus, 640

John IV, 640

Theodore I, 642

Martin I, 649

Eugene I, 654

Vitalian, 657

Adeodatus II, 672

Donus, 676

Agatho, 678

Leo II, 682

Benedict II, 684

John V, 685

Conon, 686

Sergius I, 687

John VI, 701

John VII, 705

Sisinnius, 708

Constantine, 708

Gregory II, 715

Gregory III, 731

Zachary, 741

Stephen II, 752

Paul I, 757

Stephen III, 768

Adrian I, 772

Leo III, 795

Stephan IV, 816

Paschal I, 817

Eugene II, 824

Valentine, 827

Gregory IV, 827

Sergius II, 844

Leo IV, 847

Benedict III, 855

Nicholas I, 858

Adrian II, 867

John VIII, 872

Marinus I, 882

Adrian III, 884

Stephan V, 885

Formosus, 891

Boniface VI

Steven VI, 897

Romanus, 897

Theodore II, 897

John IX, 898

Benedict IV, 900

Leo V, 903

Sergius III, 904

Anastasius III, 911

Landus, 913

John X, 914

Leo VI, 938

Stephan VII, 928

John XI, 931

Leo VII, 936

Stephen VIII, 939

Maginus II, 942

Agapitus II, 946

John XIII, 955

Leo VII, 963

Benedict V, 964

John XIV, 965

Benedict VI, 973

Benedict VII, 974

John XIV, 983

John XV, 985

Gregory V, 996

Sylvester II, 999

John XVII, 1003

John XVIII, 1004

Sergius IV, 1009

Benedict VIII, 1012

John XIX, 1024

Benedict IX, 1032

Sylvester III, 1045

Benedict IX {Second time},1045

Gregory VI, 1045

Clement II, 1046

Benedict IX {Third time},1047

Damasus II, 1048

Leo IX, 1049

Victor II, 1055

Stephan IX, 1057

Nicholas II, 1059

Alexander II, 1061

Gregory VII, 1073

Victor III, 1087

Urban II, 1088

Paschal II, 1099

Gelasius II, 1118

Callistus II, 1119

Honorius II, 1124

Innocent II, 1130

Celestine II, 1143

Lucius II, 1144

Eugene III 1145

Anastasius IV, 1153

Adrian IV, 1154

Alexander III, 1159

Lucius III, 1181

Urban III, 1185

Gregory VIII, 1187

Clement III, 1187

Celestine III, 1191

Innocent III, 1198

Honorius III, 1216

Gregory IX, 1227

Celestine IV, 1241

Innocent IV, 1243

Alexander IV, 1254

Urban IV, 1261

Clement IV, 1265

Gregory X, 1271

Innocent V, 1276

Adrian V, 1276

John XXI, 1276

Nicholas III, 1277

Martin IV, 1281

Honorius IV, 1285

Nicholas IV 1288

Celestine V, 1294

Boniface VIII, 1294

Benedict XI, 1303

Clement V, 1305

John XXII, 1316

Benedict XII, 1334

Clement VI, 1342

Innocent VI, 1352

Urban V, 1362

Gregory XI, 1370

Urban VI, 1378

Boniface IX, 1389

Innocent VII, 1389

Gregory XII, 1406

Martin V, 1417

Eugene IV, 1431

Nicholas V, 1447

Callistus III, 1455

Pius II, 1458

Paul II, 1464

Sixtus IV, 1471

Innocent VIII, 1484

Alexander VI, 1492

Pius III, 1503

Julius II, 1503

Leo X, 1513

Adrian VI, 1522

Clement VII, 1523

Paul III, 1534

Julius III, 1550

Marcellus II, 1555

Paul IV, 1555

Pius IV, 1559

Pius V, 1566

Gregory XIII, 1572

Sixtus V, 1585

Urban VII, 1590

Gregory XIV, 1590

Innocent IX, 1591

Clement VIII, 1592

Leo XI, 1605

Paul V, 1605

Gregory XV 1621

Urban VIII, 1623

Innocent X, 1644

Alexander VII, 1655

Antonio Barberini, 1655. nephew of Urban VIII, was consecrated to the Episcopate under authority of the Bishop of Rome, by Bishops Scanarello, Bottini and Govotti. He was Archbishop of Remes 1657 until his death in 1671, and was made a Cardinal. It is from Bishop Barberini that the Roman Succession from Peter branches off from the Bishops of Rome


Michel le Tellier was consecrated by Barberini in 1668. He was confessor to King Louie XIV of France,  and a Jesuit Provincal.

Jacques Benigne de Boussoit, was consecrated by le Tellier in 1670 as Bishop of Mieux, France

James Coyon de Matignon, was consecrated by de Bousseut in 1693.

Dominique Marie Varlet, Consecrated in 1719 in Paris by Bishop de Matignon, assisted by the Bishop of Qubec and the Bishop of Claremont. He was named Coadjutor to the Roman Catholic Bishop of Babylon who died on November 20, 1717 and Bishop Varlet succeeded to the title. After a period in Persia at Schamake, he was susspended from office for alleged technical irregularities, including the confirmation of 604 candidates in Holland whom he had confirmed at the request of the Church in Amsterdam. The Dutch Church had been without a Bishop for 18 years as a punishment from Rome because the Dutch Church refused to cooperate in the persecution of the “Jansenists” in Holland. Following the election of

Cornelius Van Steenhoven to serve as Archbishop of Utrecht, the Primatial See of Holland, Varlet agreed to perform the Consecration, which he did on October 15, 1724, thus making Van Steenhoven the seventh Archbishop of Utrecht and canonical successor to Saint Willibrord, the British missionary who had brought the faith to Holland. In this consecration was born the Old Catholic Church.


Johannes an Stiphout (1745-1777)

Walter van Nieuwenhuisen (1768–1797)

Adrianus Johannes Broekman (1778-1800)

Johannes Jacobus van Rhijn (1797–1808)

Lambertus de Jong (1865-1867)

Willibrord van Os (1814–1825)

Johannes Bon (1819-1841)

Johannes van Santen (1825–1858)

Johannes Heijkamp (1875–1892)

Gaspardus Johannes Rinkel (1873-1906)

Gerardus Gul (1892–1920)

Arnold Harris Matthew was consecrated on April 28, 1908 by Archbishop Gul of Utrecht, assisted by Bishop J. J. Van Thiel of Haarlem Bishop N. B. P. Spit of Deventer and Bishop J. Demmel of Bonn, Germany to serve as the First Old Catholic Bishop of Britain.

Frederick Samuel Willoughby, 1914

James I Wedgwood, 1916

Irving S. Cooper, 1919

Charles Hampton, 1931

Herman A. Spruit. Consecrated by Lowell Paul Wadle, Charles H. Hampton (Liberal Catholic) and H. Francis Marshall (Greek Melchite), as First Bishop of the Church Universal. 

Paul Michael Clemens, 1988. Consecrated by Spruit and W. Blillinger, as Bishop of the Church of Antioch

Joseph Philip Sousa, 1991. Consecrated by Clemens and Richard Alston Gundrey, as Bishop of the Church of Antioch

Willibrord Johannes Van Campenhout, 1993. Consecrated Autocephalous Bishop by Sousa. Bishop to the Christians of Saint John.

William Dennis Donavan, 1993. Consecrated by Van Campenhout.

Robert Joseph Allmen, 1995. Consecrated by Donavan. Presiding Bishop of the American Catholic Church. Later, Archbishop and Presiding Bishop of the Reformed Catholic Church.

Michael M. LaBrecque, 1997. Consecrated by Allmen as Bishop.

Francis Raphael, 1999. Consecrated by Allmen as Bishop.

Joseph Francis, 1999. Consecrated by Allmen as Bishop.

Phillip Zimmerman, 2004. Consecrated by Allmen as Bishop.

G. Peter Posthumus, 2006, Consecrated by Zimmerman as Bishop

Raelynn Fabick Scott, 2007, Consecrated by Zimmerman as Bishop

Niall Sheridan, 2008, Consecrated by Quinlan as Bishop, Consecrated Archbishop by Zimmerman

Marcis Heckman, Consecrated by Zimmerman as Bishop

Joseph Corrigan, Consecrated by Zimmerman as Bishop

Brian Watson, Consecrated by Zimmerman as Bishop

John A. Bell, Consecrated by Zimmerman as Bishop

Jose Israel Consecrated by Heckman as Bishop

Admire Cleeve Consecrated by Bell as Bishop

Christopher Carpenter, 2011 Consecrated by Bell as Bishop

Willard Heller, 2011 Consecrated by Bell as Bishop

Shane J. Slivnik, 2018 Consecrated by Carpenter as Bishop

S. Thomas Clark, 2018 Consecrated by Carpenter as Bishop

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